IPOS COV is the first patient-centred measure adapted for severe Covid to support timely management. It is a 14-item brief multi-dimensional tool, adapted for reporting by health or social care staff.
IPOS-COV has four clinically relevant subscales:
(1) the Breathlessness-agitation (agitation, anxiety and breathlessness)
(2) Gastro-intestinal (nausea and vomiting)
(3) Drowsiness-delirium (drowsiness, weakness or lack of energy, confusion or delirium)
(4) Flu (Sore or dry mouth or throat, fever, cough, shivering, pain)
Individual item scores can also be used to monitor certain symptoms or identify predictors of clinical outcomes such as deterioration. The paper has been accepted for publication in Health and Quality of Life Outcomes. IPOS-COV is available to download from Palliative care Outcome Scale website (www.pos-pal.org ).